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Title XXXVIII CRIMES AND PUNISHMENT; PEACE OFFICERS AND PUBLIC DEFENDERS

Chapter 570

Effective - 28 Aug 2016, 3 histories, see footnote (history) bottom

  *570.010.  Until December 31, 2016 — Chapter definitions. — As used in this chapter:

  (1)  "Adulterated" means varying from the standard of composition or quality prescribed by statute or lawfully promulgated administrative regulations of this state lawfully filed, or if none, as set by commercial usage;

  (2)  "Appropriate" means to take, obtain, use, transfer, conceal or retain possession of;

  (3)  "Coercion" means a threat, however communicated:

  (a)  To commit any crime; or

  (b)  To inflict physical injury in the future on the person threatened or another; or

  (c)  To accuse any person of any crime; or

  (d)  To expose any person to hatred, contempt or ridicule; or

  (e)  To harm the credit or business repute of any person; or

  (f)  To take or withhold action as a public servant, or to cause a public servant to take or withhold action; or

  (g)  To inflict any other harm which would not benefit the actor.  A threat of accusation, lawsuit or other invocation of official action is not coercion if the property sought to be obtained by virtue of such threat was honestly claimed as restitution or indemnification for harm done in the circumstances to which the accusation, exposure, lawsuit or other official action relates, or as compensation for property or lawful service.  The defendant shall have the burden of injecting the issue of justification as to any threat;

  (4)  "Credit device" means a writing, number or other device purporting to evidence an undertaking to pay for property or services delivered or rendered to or upon the order of a designated person or bearer;

  (5)  "Dealer" means a person in the business of buying and selling goods;

  (6)  "Debit device" means a card, code, number or other device, other than a check, draft or similar paper instrument, by the use of which a person may initiate an electronic fund transfer, including but not limited to devices that enable electronic transfers of benefits to public assistance recipients;

  (7)  "Deceit" means purposely making a representation which is false and which the actor does not believe to be true and upon which the victim relies, as to a matter of fact, law, value, intention or other state of mind.  The term "deceit" does not, however, include falsity as to matters having no pecuniary significance, or puffing by statements unlikely to deceive ordinary persons in the group addressed.  Deception as to the actor's intention to perform a promise shall not be inferred from the fact alone that he did not subsequently perform the promise;

  (8)  "Deprive" means:

  (a)  To withhold property from the owner permanently; or

  (b)  To restore property only upon payment of reward or other compensation; or

  (c)  To use or dispose of property in a manner that makes recovery of the property by the owner unlikely;

  (9)  "Financial institution" means a bank, trust company, savings and loan association, or credit union;

  (10)  "Mislabeled" means varying from the standard of truth or disclosure in labeling prescribed by statute or lawfully promulgated administrative regulations of this state lawfully filed, or if none, as set by commercial usage; or represented as being another person's product, though otherwise accurately labeled as to quality and quantity;

  (11)  "New and unused property" means tangible personal property that has never been used since its production or manufacture and is in its original unopened package or container if such property was packaged;

  (12)  "Of another" property or services is that of another if any natural person, corporation, partnership, association, governmental subdivision or instrumentality, other than the actor, has a possessory or proprietary interest therein, except that property shall not be deemed property of another who has only a security interest therein, even if legal title is in the creditor pursuant to a conditional sales contract or other security arrangement;

  (13)  "Property" means anything of value, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible, in possession or in action, and shall include but not be limited to the evidence of a debt actually executed but not delivered or issued as a valid instrument;

  (14)  "Receiving" means acquiring possession, control or title or lending on the security of the property;

  (15)  "Services" includes transportation, telephone, electricity, gas, water, or other public service, accommodation in hotels, restaurants or elsewhere, admission to exhibitions and use of vehicles;

  (16)  "Writing" includes printing, any other method of recording information, money, coins, negotiable instruments, tokens, stamps, seals, credit cards, badges, trademarks and any other symbols of value, right, privilege or identification.

­­--------

(L. 1977 S.B. 60, A.L. 1979 H.B. 165, A.L. 1986 S.B. 450, A.L. 1999 S.B. 328, et al., A.L. 2002 H.B. 1888, A.L. 2016 S.B. 624)

*This section was amended by S.B. 624, 2016, as well as S.B. 491, 2014, effective 1-01-17.  Due to the delayed effective date, both versions of this section are printed here.


---- end of effective   28 Aug 2016 ----

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570.010 1/1/2017
570.010 8/28/2016 1/1/2017
570.010 8/28/2002 8/28/2016

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