☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 511

< > Effective - 28 Aug 1951 bottom

  511.760.  Uniform enforcement of foreign judgments law. — 1.  The following terms as used in this section shall mean:

  (1)  "Foreign judgment", any judgment, decree or order of a court of the United States or of any state or territory which is entitled to full faith and credit in this state;

  (2)  "Judgment debtor", the party against whom a foreign judgment has been rendered;

  (3)  "Levy", to take control of or create a lien upon property under any judicial writ or process whereby satisfaction of a judgment may be enforced against such property;

  (4)  "Register", to file and record a foreign judgment in a court of this state.

  2.  On application made within the time allowed for bringing an action on a foreign judgment in this state, any person entitled to bring such action may have a foreign judgment registered in any court of this state having jurisdiction in such action.

  3.  A verified petition for registration shall set forth a copy of the judgment to be registered, the date of its entry and the record of any subsequent entries affecting it, all authenticated in the manner authorized by the laws of the United States or of this state, and a prayer that the judgment be registered.  The clerk of the registering court shall notify the clerk of the court which rendered the original judgment that application for registration has been made, and shall request him to file this information with the judgment.

  4.  At any time after registration the petitioner shall be entitled to have summons issued and served upon the judgment debtor as in an action brought upon the foreign judgment, in any manner authorized by the law of this state for obtaining jurisdiction of the person.

  5.  If jurisdiction of the person of the judgment debtor cannot be obtained, a notice clearly designating the foreign judgment and reciting the fact of registration, the court in which it is registered, and the time allowed for pleading, shall be sent by the clerk of the registering court by registered mail to the last known address of the judgment debtor.  Proof of such mailing shall be made by the certificate of the clerk.

  6.  At any time after the registration and regardless of whether jurisdiction of the person of the judgment debtor has been secured or final judgment has been obtained, a levy may be made under the registered judgment upon any property of the judgment debtor which is subject to execution or other judicial process for satisfaction of judgments.

  7.  If the judgment debtor fails to plead within thirty days after jurisdiction over his person has been obtained, or if the court after hearing has refused to set the registration aside, the registered judgment shall become a final personal judgment of the court in which it is registered.

  8.  Any defense, setoff or counterclaim which under the law of this state may be asserted by the defendant in an action on the foreign judgment, may be presented by appropriate pleadings and the issues raised thereby shall be tried and determined as in other civil actions.  Such pleadings must be filed within thirty days after personal jurisdiction is acquired or within thirty-five days after the mailing of the notice prescribed in subsection 5.

  9.  If the judgment debtor shows that an appeal from the original judgment is pending or that he is entitled to, and intends to appeal therefrom, the court shall, on such terms as it deems just, postpone the trial for such time as appears sufficient for the appeal to be concluded, and may set aside the levy upon proof that the defendant has furnished adequate security for satisfaction of the judgment.

  10.  An order setting aside a registration constitutes a final judgment in favor of the judgment debtor.

  11.  An appeal may be taken by either party from judgment or order sustaining or setting aside a registration on the same terms as an appeal from a judgment or order of the same court.

  12.  If personal jurisdiction of the judgment debtor is not secured within thirty days after the levy and he has not, within thirty-five days after the mailing of the notice prescribed by subsection 5, acted to set aside the registration or to assert a setoff or counterclaim the registered judgment shall be a final judgment quasi in rem of the court in which it is registered, binding upon the judgment debtor's interest in property levied upon, and the court shall enter an order to that effect.

  13.  Sale under the levy may be held at any time after final judgment, either personal or quasi in rem, but not earlier except as otherwise provided by law for sale under levy on perishable goods.  Sale and distribution of the proceeds shall be made in accordance with the laws of this state.

  14.  When a registered foreign judgment becomes a final judgment of this state, the court shall include as part of the judgment interest payable on the foreign judgment under the law of the state in which it was rendered, and the cost of obtaining the authenticated copy of the original judgment.  The court shall include as part of its judgment court costs incidental to the proceedings in accordance with the laws of this state.

  15.  Satisfaction, either partial or complete, of the original judgment or of a judgment entered thereupon in any other state shall operate to the same extent as satisfaction of the judgment in this state, except as to costs authorized by subsection 14.

  16.  The right of a judgment creditor to bring an action to enforce his judgment instead of proceeding under this section remains unimpaired.

  17.  This section shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.

  18.  This section may be cited as the "Uniform Enforcement of Foreign Judgments Law".


(L. 1951 p. 358 §§ 1 to 18)

(1974) "Supplemental judgment" purporting to make an original judgment for alimony final which did not give husband notice or opportunity for hearing violated husband's right to due process. Overman v. Overman (A.), 514 S.W.2d 625.

(1974) Held this section not unconstitutional as denying defendant due process of law by depriving him of property prior to hearing on validity of underlying claim. Bittner v. Butts (Mo.), 514 S.W.2d 556.

(1976) In proceedings by judgment creditor, under Illinois summary judgment law, to enforce judgment, held that defendant's allegation that judgment was based on affidavit containing fraudulent misstatements alleged only intrinsic fraud and was not sufficient to authorize equitable relief against enforcement of judgment under Illinois law and therefore full faith and credit clause precluded any such collateral inquiry by a Missouri Court. Young Electric, Inc. v. Susman (A.), 533 S.W.2d 625.

(1976) Held, a foreign judgment may be attacked for lack of jurisdiction over the subject matter, failure to give due notice and fraud in the procurement of jurisdiction. These are the attacks that can be made at the time of application for registration of the foreign judgment. Corning Truck and Radiator Service v. J.W.M., Inc. (A.), 542 S.W.2d 520.

(1976) Held, to vitiate a foreign judgment on grounds of fraud in the procurement it must be shown that the fraud was extrinsic or collateral to the issues tried. Intrinsic fraud is unavailing.  Mekelburg v. Whitman (A.), 545 S.W.2d 89.

---- end of effective  28 Aug 1951 ----

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