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Chapter 400

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  400.4-104.  Definitions and index of definitions. — (a)  In this article unless the context otherwise requires:

  (1)  "Account" means any deposit or credit account with a bank, including a demand, time, savings, passbook, share draft, or like account, other than an account evidenced by a certificate of deposit;

  (2)  "Afternoon" means the period of a day between noon and midnight;

  (3)  "Banking day" means the part of a day on which a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions, but shall not include Saturday, Sunday or a legal holiday;

  (4)  "Clearing house" means an association of banks or other payors regularly clearing items;

  (5)  "Customer" means a person having an account with a bank or for whom a bank has agreed to collect items, including a bank that maintains an account at another bank;

  (6)  "Documentary draft" means a draft to be presented for acceptance or payment if specified documents, certificated securities (Section 400.8-102) or instructions for uncertificated securities (Section 400.8-102), or other certificates, statements, or the like are to be received by the drawee or other payor before acceptance or payment of the draft;

  (7)  "Draft" means a draft as defined in Section 400.3-104 or an item, other than an instrument, that is an order;

  (8)  "Drawee" means a person ordered in a draft to make payment;

  (9)  "Item" means an instrument or a promise or order to pay money handled by a bank for collection or payment.  The term does not include a payment order governed by Article 4A or a credit or debit card slip;

  (10)  "Midnight deadline" with respect to a bank is midnight on its next banking day following the banking day on which it receives the relevant item or notice or from which the time for taking action commences to run, whichever is later;

  (11)  "Settle" means to pay in cash, by clearing-house settlement, in a charge or credit or by remittance, or otherwise as agreed.  A settlement may be either provisional or final;

  (12)  "Suspends payments" with respect to a bank means that it has been closed by order of the supervisory authorities, that a public officer has been appointed to take it over or that it ceases or refuses to make payments in the ordinary course of business.

  (b)  Other definitions applying to this article and the sections in which they appear are:


"Agreement for electronic presentment". Section 400.4-110.
"Bank". Section 400.4-105.
"Collecting bank". Section 400.4-105.
"Depositary bank". Section 400.4-105.
"Intermediary bank". Section 400.4-105.
"Payor bank". Section 400.4-105.
"Presenting bank". Section 400.4-105.
"Presentment notice". Section 400.4-110.


  (c)  The following definitions in other articles apply to this article:


"Acceptance". Section 400.3-409.
"Alteration". Section 400.3-407.
"Cashier's check". Section 400.3-104.
"Certificate of deposit". Section 400.3-104.
"Certified check". Section 400.3-409.
"Check". Section 400.3-104.
"Draft". Section 400.3-104.
"Good faith". Section 400.3-103.
"Holder in due course". Section 400.3-302.
"Instrument". Section 400.3-104.
"Notice of dishonor". Section 400.3-503.
"Order". Section 400.3-103.
"Ordinary care". Section 400.3-103.
"Person entitled to enforce". Section 400.3-301.
"Presentment". Section 400.3-501.
"Promise". Section 400.3-103.
"Prove". Section 400.3-103.
"Teller's check". Section 400.3-104.
"Unauthorized signature". Section 400.3-403.


  (d)  In addition Article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction and interpretation applicable throughout this article.


(L. 1963 p. 503 § 4-104, A.L. 1979 S.B. 304, A.L. 1992 S.B. 448, A.L. 1997 S.B. 6)

---- end of effective  28 Aug 1997 ----

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