☰ Revisor of Missouri

Title XXIV BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Chapter 375

< > Effective - 28 Aug 2022, 2 histories bottom

  375.159.  Limited lines travel insurance producer — definitions — license, authorized activities, limitations — premium tax — travel administrator license — rulemaking authority. — 1.  As used in this section, the following terms shall mean:

  (1)  "Aggregator site", a website that provides information regarding insurance products from more than one insurer, including product and insurer information, for use in comparison shopping;

  (2)  "Blanket travel insurance", a policy of travel insurance issued to any eligible group providing coverage for specific classes of persons defined in the policy, with coverage provided to all members of the eligible group without a separate charge to individual members of the eligible group;

  (3)  "Cancellation fee waiver", a contractual agreement between a supplier of travel services and its customer to waive some or all of the nonrefundable cancellation fee provisions of the supplier's underlying travel contract with or without regard to the reason for the cancellation or form of reimbursement.  A cancellation fee waiver is not insurance;

  (4)  "Director", the director of the department of commerce and insurance;

  (5)  "Eligible group", solely for the purpose of travel insurance, two or more persons who are engaged in a common enterprise or have an economic, educational, or social affinity or relationship, including but not limited to any of the following:

  (a)  Any entity engaged in the business of providing travel or travel services, including but not limited to:  tour operators, lodging providers, vacation property owners, hotels and resorts, travel clubs, travel agencies, property managers, cultural exchange programs, and common carriers or the operator, owner, or lessor of a means of transportation of passengers including, but not limited to, airlines, cruise lines, railroads, steamship companies, and public bus carriers, in which there is a common exposure to risk attendant to the particular type of travel or traveler for all members or customers of the group;

  (b)  Any college, school, or other institution of learning, covering students, teachers, employees, or volunteers;

  (c)  Any employer covering any group of employees, volunteers, contractors, members of boards of directors, dependents, or guests;

  (d)  Any sports team, camp, or sponsor thereof, covering participants, members, campers, employees, officials, supervisors, or volunteers;

  (e)  Any religious, charitable, recreational, educational, or civic organization, or branch thereof, covering any group of members, participants, or volunteers;

  (f)  Any financial institution, financial institution vendor, or parent holding company, trustee, or agent of or designated by one or more financial institutions or financial institution vendors, including accountholders, credit card holders, debtors, guarantors, or purchasers;

  (g)  Any incorporated or unincorporated association, including any labor union, having a common interest, constitution, and bylaws, and organized and maintained in good faith for purposes other than obtaining insurance for members or participants of such association covering its members;

  (h)  Any trust or the trustees of a fund established, created, or maintained for the benefit of and covering members, employees, or customers of one or more associations meeting the requirements of paragraph (g) of this subdivision, subject to the director's permission of the use of a trust and the state's premium tax provisions described in subsection 4 of this section;

  (i)  Any entertainment production company covering any group of participants, volunteers, audience members, contestants, or workers;

  (j)  Any volunteer fire department, ambulance, rescue, police, court, first aid, civil defense, or other such volunteer group;

  (k)  Preschools, day care institutions for children or adults, and senior citizen clubs;

  (l)  Any automobile or truck rental or leasing company covering a group of persons who may become renters, lessees, or passengers defined by their travel status on the rented or leased vehicles.  The common carrier; the operator, owner, or lessor of a means of transportation; or the automobile or truck rental or leasing company is the policyholder under a policy to which this section applies; or

  (m)  Any other group for which the director has determined that the members are engaged in a common enterprise or have an economic, educational, or social affinity or relationship and that issuance of the policy would not be contrary to the public interest;

  (6)  "Fulfillment materials", documentation sent to the purchaser of a travel protection plan confirming the purchase and providing the travel protection plan's coverage and assistance details;

  (7)  "Group travel insurance", travel insurance issued to any eligible group;

  (8)  "Limited lines travel insurance producer", a:

  (a)  Licensed managing general agent as provided by sections 375.147 to 375.153 or third-party administrator;

  (b)  Licensed insurance producer as provided by chapter 375, including a limited lines producer, designated by the insurer as the travel insurance supervising entity as set forth in subdivision (7) of subsection 3 of this section below; or

  (c)  Travel administrator;

  (9)  "Offer and disseminate", provide general information, including a description of the coverage and price, as well as process the application, collect premiums, and perform other nonlicensable activities permitted by the state;

  (10)  "Primary certificate holder", a person who elects and purchases travel insurance under a group policy;

  (11)  "Primary policyholder", a person who elects and purchases individual travel insurance;

  (12)  "Travel administrator", a person who directly or indirectly underwrites; collects charges, collateral, or premiums from; or adjusts and settles claims on residents of this state in connection with travel insurance; except that a person shall not be considered a travel administrator if that person's only actions that would otherwise cause the person to be considered a travel administrator are among the following:

  (a)  A person working for a travel administrator to the extent that the person's activities are subject to the supervision and control of the travel administrator;

  (b)  An insurance producer selling insurance or engaged in administrative and claims-related activities within the scope of the producer's license;

  (c)  A travel retailer offering and disseminating travel insurance and registered under the license of a limited lines travel insurance producer in accordance with this section;

  (d)  A person adjusting or settling claims in the normal course of that person's practice or employment as an attorney-at-law and who does not collect charges or premiums in connection with insurance coverage; or

  (e)  A business entity that is affiliated with a licensed insurer while acting as a travel administrator for the direct and assumed insurance business of an affiliated insurer;

  (13)  "Travel assistance services", noninsurance services for which the consumer is not indemnified based on a fortuitous event and in which providing the service does not result in transfer or shifting of risk that would constitute the business of insurance.  The term travel assistance services includes, but is not limited to:  security advisories, destination information, vaccination and immunization information services, travel reservation services, entertainment, activity and event planning, translation assistance, emergency messaging, international legal and medical referrals, medical case monitoring, coordination of transportation arrangements, emergency cash transfer assistance, medical prescription replacement assistance, passport and travel document replacement assistance, lost luggage assistance, concierge services, and any other service that is furnished in connection with planned travel.  Travel assistance services are not insurance and not related to insurance;

  (14)  "Travel insurance", insurance coverage for personal risks incident to planned travel, including, but not limited to:

  (a)  Interruption or cancellation of trip or event;

  (b)  Loss of baggage or personal effects;

  (c)  Damages to accommodations or rental vehicles;

  (d)  Sickness, accident, disability, or death occurring during travel;

  (e)  Emergency evacuation;

  (f)  Repatriation of remains; or

  (g)  Any other contractual obligations to indemnify or pay a specified amount to the traveler upon determinable contingencies related to travel as approved by the director.

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Travel insurance does not include major medical plans, which provide comprehensive medical protection for travelers with trips lasting six months or longer, including, for example, those persons working overseas as expatriates or military personnel being deployed, or any other product that requires a specific insurance producer license;

  (15)  "Travel protection plans", plans that provide one or more of the following:

  (a)  Travel insurance;

  (b)  Travel assistance services; or

  (c)  Cancellation fee waivers;

  (16)  "Travel retailer", a business entity that makes, arranges, or offers travel services and may offer and disseminate travel insurance as a service to its customers on behalf of and under the direction of a limited lines travel insurance producer.

  2.  (1)  The requirements of this section shall apply to travel insurance that covers any resident of this state and is sold, solicited, negotiated, or offered in this state and policies and certificates that are delivered or issued for delivery in this state.  Except as expressly provided in this section, the requirements of this section shall not apply to cancellation fee waivers or travel assistance services.

  (2)  All other applicable provisions of this state's insurance laws shall continue to apply to travel insurance, except that the specific provisions of this section shall supersede any general provisions of law that would otherwise be applicable to travel insurance.

  3.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law:

  (1)  The director may issue a limited lines travel insurance producer license to a person or business entity that has filed with the director an application for a limited lines travel insurance producer license in a form and manner prescribed by the director.  A limited lines travel insurance producer shall be licensed to sell, solicit, or negotiate travel insurance through a licensed insurer.  No person shall act as a limited lines travel insurance producer or travel retailer unless properly licensed or registered, respectively;

  (2)  A travel retailer may offer and disseminate travel insurance on behalf of and under the control of a limited lines travel insurance producer only if the following conditions are met:

  (a)  The limited lines travel insurance producer or travel retailer provides to purchasers of travel insurance:

  a.  A description of the material terms or the actual material terms of the insurance coverage;

  b.  A description of the process for filing a claim;

  c.  A description of the review or cancellation process for the travel insurance policy; and

  d.  The identity and contact information of the insurer and limited lines travel insurance producer;

  (b)  At the time of licensure, the limited lines travel insurance producer shall establish and maintain a register on a form prescribed by the director of each travel retailer that offers travel insurance on the limited lines travel insurance producer's behalf.  The register shall be maintained and updated annually by the limited lines travel insurance producer and shall include the name, address, and contact information of the travel retailer and an officer or person who directs or controls the travel retailer's operations, and the travel retailer's federal tax identification number.  The limited lines travel insurance producer shall submit such register within thirty days upon request by the department.  The limited lines travel insurance producer shall also certify that the travel retailer registered complies with 18 U.S.C. Section 1033.  The grounds for suspension and revocation and the penalties applicable to resident insurance producers under sections 375.141 to 375.153 shall be applicable to the limited lines travel insurance producers and travel retailers;

  (c)  The limited lines travel insurance producer has designated one of its employees who is a licensed individual producer as a person responsible for the business entity's compliance with the travel insurance laws, rules, and regulations of this state;

  (d)  The designated person under paragraph (c) of this subdivision, president, secretary, treasurer, and any other officer or person who directs or controls the limited lines travel insurance producer's insurance operations complies with the fingerprinting requirements applicable to insurance producers in the resident state of the limited lines travel insurance producer;

  (e)  The limited lines travel insurance producer has paid all applicable insurance producer licensing fees as set forth in applicable state law;

  (f)  The limited lines travel insurance producer requires each employee and authorized representative of the travel retailer whose duties include offering and disseminating travel insurance to receive a program of instruction or training, which may be subject to review by the director.  The training material shall, at a minimum, contain instructions on the types of insurance offered, ethical sales practices, and required disclosures to prospective customers;

  (3)  Any travel retailer offering or disseminating travel insurance shall make available to prospective purchasers brochures or other written materials that have been approved by the travel insurer.  Such materials shall include information that, at a minimum, shall:

  (a)  Provide the identity and contact information of the insurer and the limited lines travel insurance producer;

  (b)  Explain that the purchase of travel insurance is not required to purchase any other product or service from the travel retailer; and

  (c)  Explain that an unlicensed travel retailer is permitted to provide general information about the insurance offered by the travel retailer, including a description of the coverage and price, but is not qualified or authorized to answer technical questions about the terms and conditions of the insurance offered by the travel retailer or to evaluate the adequacy of the customer's existing insurance coverage;

  (4)  A travel retailer's employee or authorized representative, who is not licensed as an insurance producer, may not:

  (a)  Evaluate or interpret the technical terms, benefits, and conditions of the offered travel insurance coverage;

  (b)  Evaluate or provide advice concerning a prospective purchaser's existing insurance coverage; or

  (c)  Hold themselves or itself out as a licensed insurer, licensed producer, or insurance expert;

  (5)  A travel retailer whose insurance-related activities, and those of its employees and authorized representatives, are limited to offering and disseminating travel insurance on behalf of and under the direction of a limited lines travel insurance producer meeting the conditions stated in this section is authorized to do so and receive related compensation, upon registration by the limited lines travel insurance producer as described in paragraph (b) of subdivision (2) of this subsection;

  (6)  Travel insurance may be provided under an individual policy or under a group or blanket policy;

  (7)  As the insurer designee, the limited lines travel insurance producer is responsible for the acts of the travel retailer and shall use reasonable means to ensure compliance by the travel retailer with this section; and

  (8)  Any person licensed in a major line of authority as an insurance producer is authorized to sell, solicit, and negotiate travel insurance.  A property and casualty insurance producer is not required to become appointed by an insurer in order to sell, solicit, or negotiate travel insurance.

  4.  (1)  A travel insurer shall pay premium tax, as provided in section 148.370, on travel insurance premiums paid by any of the following:

  (a)  An individual primary policyholder who is a resident of this state;

  (b)  A primary certificate holder who is a resident of this state who elects coverage under a group travel insurance policy; or

  (c)  A blanket travel insurance policyholder that is a resident in this state or has its principal place of business or the principal place of business of an affiliate or subsidiary that has purchased blanket travel insurance in this state for eligible blanket group members, subject to any apportionment rules that apply to the insurer across multiple taxing jurisdictions or that permit the insurer to allocate premium on an apportioned basis in a reasonable and equitable manner in those jurisdictions.

  (2)  A travel insurer shall:

  (a)  Document the state of residence or principal place of business of the policyholder or certificate holder, as required in subdivision (1) of this subsection; and

  (b)  Report as premium only the amount allocable to travel insurance and not any amounts received for travel assistance services or cancellation fee waivers.

  5.  Travel protection plans may be offered for one price for the combined features that the travel protection plan offers in this state if:

  (1)  The travel protection plan clearly discloses to the consumer, at or prior to the time of purchase, that it includes travel insurance, travel assistance services, and cancellation fee waivers as applicable, and provides information and an opportunity, at or prior to the time of purchase, for the consumer to obtain additional information regarding the features and pricing of each;

  (2)  The fulfillment materials describe and delineate the travel insurance, travel assistance services, and cancellation fee waivers in the travel protection plan; and

  (3)  The fulfillment materials include the travel insurance disclosures and the contact information for persons providing travel assistance services and cancellation fee waivers, as applicable.

  6.  (1)  Except as otherwise provided in this section, all persons offering travel insurance to residents of this state are subject to sections 375.930 to 375.948.  If there is a conflict between this section and other provisions of chapters 361 to 385 regarding the sale and marketing of travel insurance and travel protection plans, the provisions of this section shall control.

  (2)  Offering or selling a travel insurance policy that could never result in payment of any claims for any insured under the policy is an unfair trade practice under sections 375.930 to 375.948.

  (3)  (a)  All documents provided to consumers prior to the purchase of travel insurance, including but not limited to sales materials, advertising materials, and marketing materials, shall be consistent with the travel insurance policy itself, including but not limited to forms, endorsements, policies, rate filings, and certificates of insurance.

  (b)  For travel insurance policies or certificates that contain preexisting condition exclusions, information and an opportunity to learn more about the preexisting condition exclusions shall be provided any time prior to the time of purchase, and in the coverage's fulfillment materials.

  (c)  The fulfillment materials and the information described in paragraph (a) of subdivision (2) of subsection 3 of this section shall be provided to a policyholder or certificate holder as soon as practicable following the purchase of a travel protection plan.  Unless the insured has either started a covered trip or filed a claim under the travel insurance coverage, a policyholder or certificate holder may cancel a policy or certificate for a full refund of the travel protection plan price from the date of purchase of a travel protection plan until at least:

  a.  Fifteen days following the date of delivery of the travel protection plan's fulfillment materials by postal mail; or

  b.  Ten days following the date of delivery of the travel protection plan's fulfillment materials by means other than postal mail.

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For purposes of this paragraph, "delivery" means handing fulfillment materials to the policyholder or certificate holder or sending fulfillment materials by postal mail or electronic means to the policyholder or certificate holder.

  (d)  The company shall disclose in the policy documentation and fulfillment materials whether the travel insurance is primary or secondary to other applicable coverage.

  (e)  Marketing travel insurance directly to a consumer through an insurer's website or by others through an aggregator site shall not be an unfair trade practice or other violation of law if an accurate summary or short description of coverage is provided on the web page and the consumer has access to the full provisions of the policy through electronic means.

  (4)  No person offering, soliciting, or negotiating travel insurance or travel protection plans on an individual or group basis shall do so by using negative option or opt-out that would require a consumer to take an affirmative action to deselect coverage, such as unchecking a box on an electronic form, when the consumer purchases a trip.

  (5)  It shall be an unfair trade practice to market blanket travel insurance coverage as free.

  (6)  Where a consumer's destination jurisdiction requires insurance coverage, it shall not be an unfair trade practice to require that a consumer choose between the following options as a condition of purchasing a trip or travel package:

  (a)  Purchasing the coverage required by the destination jurisdiction through the travel retailer or limited lines travel insurance producer supplying the trip or travel package; or

  (b)  Agreeing to obtain and provide proof of coverage that meets the destination jurisdiction's requirements prior to departure.

  7.  (1)  Notwithstanding any other provisions of chapters 361 to 385, no person shall act or represent himself or herself as a travel administrator for travel insurance in this state unless the person:

  (a)  Is a licensed property and casualty insurance producer in this state for activities permitted under that producer license;

  (b)  Holds a valid managing general agent license in this state; or

  (c)  Holds a valid third-party administrator license in this state.

  (2)  An insurer is responsible for the acts of a travel administrator administering travel insurance underwritten by the insurer, and is responsible for ensuring that the travel administrator maintains all books and records relevant to the insurer to be made available by the travel administrator to the director upon request.

  8.  (1)  Notwithstanding any other provision of chapters 361 to 385, travel insurance shall be classified and filed for purposes of rates and forms under an inland marine line of insurance, except that travel insurance that provides coverage for sickness, accident, disability, or death occurring during travel, either exclusively or in conjunction with related coverages of emergency evacuation or repatriation of remains or incidental limited property and casualty benefits such as baggage or trip cancellation, may be filed under either an accident and health line of insurance or an inland marine line of insurance.

  (2)  Eligibility and underwriting standards for travel insurance may be developed and provided based on travel protection plans designed for individual or identified marketing or distribution channels, provided those standards also meet the state's underwriting standards for an inland marine line of insurance.

  9.  The limited lines travel insurance producer and any travel retailer offering and disseminating travel insurance under the limited lines travel insurance producer license shall be subject to the provisions of chapters 374 and 375, except as provided for in this section.

  10.  The director may promulgate rules to effectuate this section.  Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028.  This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2013, shall be invalid and void.

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(L. 2013 S.B. 324, A.L. 2022 H.B. 2168)


---- end of effective  28 Aug 2022 ----

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