☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 375

< > Effective - 28 Aug 1992    bottom

  375.1182.  Powers of liquidator — insureds may purchase extended period to report claims, when, limitations — liquidator and employees deemed officers of the court. — 1.  The liquidator shall have the power:

  (1)  To employ employees and agents, legal counsel, actuaries, accountants, appraisers, consultants and such other personnel as he may deem necessary to assist in the liquidation;

  (2)  To fix the reasonable compensation of employees and agents, legal counsel, actuaries, accountants, appraisers and consultants with the approval of the court;

  (3)  To pay reasonable compensation to persons appointed and to defray from the funds or assets of the insurer all expenses of taking possession of, conserving, conducting, liquidating, disposing of, or otherwise dealing with the business and property of the insurer.  In the event that the property of the insurer does not contain sufficient cash or liquid assets to defray the costs incurred, the director may advance the costs so incurred out of funds appropriated for that purpose.  Any amounts so advanced for expenses of administration shall be repaid to the director out of the first available moneys of the insurer and such funds repaid shall be transferred by the director to the state treasurer for deposit to the general revenue fund;

  (4)  To hold hearings, to subpoena witnesses to compel their attendance, to administer oaths, to examine any persons under oath, and to compel any person to subscribe to his testimony after it has been correctly reduced to writing; and in connection therewith to require the production of any books, papers, records or other documents which he deems relevant to the inquiry;

  (5)  To audit the books and records of all agents of the insurer insofar as those records relate to the business activities of the insurer;

  (6)  To collect all debts and moneys due and claims belonging to the insurer, wherever located, and for this purpose:

  (a)  To institute timely action in other jurisdictions, in order to forestall garnishment and attachment proceedings against such debts;

  (b)  To do such other acts as are necessary or expedient to collect, conserve or protect its assets or property, including the power to sell, compound, compromise or assign debts for purposes of collection upon such terms and conditions as he deems best; and

  (c)  To pursue any creditor's remedies available to enforce his claims;

  (7)  To conduct public and private sales of the property of the insurer;

  (8)  To use assets of the estate of an insurer under a liquidation order to transfer policy obligations to a solvent assuming insurer, if the transfer can be arranged without prejudice to applicable priorities under section 375.1218;

  (9)  To acquire, hypothecate, encumber, lease, improve, sell, transfer, abandon or otherwise dispose of or deal with, any property of the insurer at its market value or upon such terms and conditions as are fair and reasonable.  He shall also have power to execute, acknowledge and deliver any and all deeds;

  (10)  To borrow money on the security of the insurer's assets or without security and to execute and deliver all documents necessary to that transaction for the purpose of facilitating the liquidation.  Any such funds borrowed may be repaid as an administrative expense and have priority over any other claims in class 1 under the priority of distribution;

  (11)  To enter into such contracts as are necessary to carry out the order to liquidate, and to affirm or disavow any contracts to which the insurer is a party;

  (12)  To continue to prosecute and to institute in the name of the insurer or in his own name any and all suits and other legal proceedings, in this state or elsewhere, and, with the approval of the supervising court, to abandon the prosecution of claims he deems unprofitable to pursue further.  If the insurer is dissolved under section 375.1180, he shall have the power to apply to any court in this state or elsewhere for leave to substitute himself for the insurer as plaintiff;

  (13)  To prosecute any action which may exist on behalf of the creditors, members, policyholders or shareholders of the insurer against any officer of the insurer, or any other person;

  (14)  To institute proceedings in the same case for receivership for any organization or corporation having the exclusive or dominant right to manage or control the insurer which is the subject of the main case, when it appears that a receiver is necessary for the preservation of the assets of the insurer or that a receiver is necessary to determine the assets of the insurer held by the organization or corporation.  The duration of the receivership and the duties of the receiver shall be in the discretion of the court;

  (15)  To remove any or all records and property of the insurer to the offices of the director or to such other place as may be convenient for the purposes of efficient and orderly execution of the liquidation.  Guaranty associations and foreign guaranty associations shall have such reasonable access to the records of the insurer as is necessary for them to carry out their legal obligations;

  (16)  To deposit in one or more banks in this state such sums as are required for meeting current administration expenses and dividend distributions and to invest all sums not currently needed, unless the court orders otherwise; provided that, at the election of the supervising court, funds held by the liquidator of the insurer's estate shall be deposited and invested by the liquidator pursuant to either of the following standards as the court shall order:

  (a)  The standards specified by law for the deposit and investment of state funds by the state treasurer, as such standards are determined to be applicable by the court;

  (b)  The standards specified by law for the investment of money and property of the Missouri state employees' retirement system, as such standards are determined to be applicable by the court;

  (17)  To file any necessary documents for record in the office of any recorder of deeds or other office in this state or elsewhere where property of the insurer is located;

  (18)  To assert all defenses available to the insurer as against third persons, including statutes of limitation, statutes of frauds, and the defense of usury.  A waiver of any defense by the insurer after a petition in liquidation has been filed shall not bind the liquidator.  Whenever a guaranty association or foreign guaranty association has an obligation to defend any suit, the liquidator shall give precedence to such obligation and may defend only in the absence of a defense by such guaranty associations;

  (19)  To exercise and enforce all the rights, remedies, and powers of any creditor, shareholder, policyholder or member, including any power to avoid any transfer or lien that may be given by the general law and that is not included within* sections 375.1192 to 375.1195, except for any right of distribution pursuant to section 375.1218;

  (20)  To intervene in any proceeding wherever instituted that might lead to the appointment of a receiver or trustee, and to act as the receiver or trustee whenever the appointment is offered;

  (21)  To enter into agreements with any receiver or director of any other state relating to the rehabilitation, liquidation, conservation or dissolution of an insurer doing business in both states; and

  (22)  To exercise all powers now held or hereafter conferred upon receivers by the laws of this state not inconsistent with the provisions of sections 375.1150 to 375.1246.

  2.  (1)  If an insurer being liquidated issued liability policies on a claims-made basis, which provided an option to purchase an extended period to report claims, then the liquidator may make available to holders of such policies, for a charge, an extended period to report claims as stated herein.  The extended reporting period shall be made available only to those insureds who have not secured substitute coverage.  The extended period made available by the liquidator shall begin upon termination of any extended period to report claims in the basic policy and shall end at the earlier of the final date for filing of claims in the liquidation proceeding or eighteen months from the entry of the order of liquidation.

  (2)  The extended period to report claims made available by the liquidator shall be subject to the terms of the policy to which it relates.  The liquidator shall make available such extended period within sixty days after the order of liquidation at a charge to be determined by the liquidator subject to approval of the court.  Such offer shall be deemed rejected unless the offer is accepted in writing and the charge is paid within ninety days after the order of liquidation.  No commissions, premium taxes, assessments or other fees shall be due on the charges paid by policyholders pertaining to the extended period to report claims.

  3.  The enumeration in this section of the powers and authority of the liquidator shall not be construed as a limitation upon him, nor shall it exclude in any manner his right to do such other acts not herein specifically enumerated, or otherwise provided for, as may be necessary or appropriate for the accomplishment of or in aid of the purpose of liquidation.

  4.  Notwithstanding the powers of the liquidator as stated in this section, the liquidator shall have no obligation to defend claims or to continue to defend claims subsequent to the discharge of the liquidator.

  5.  The director as liquidator, any special deputy, all employees, agents and attorneys of the liquidator and the special deputy, and all employees of the state of Missouri when acting with respect to the liquidation shall be considered to be officers of the court when acting in such capacities and as such shall be subject to the orders and directions of the court with respect to their actions or omissions in connection with the liquidation.  The liquidator, special deputy, commissioners and referees appointed by the court, the agents, attorneys and employees of the liquidator and employees of the state of Missouri when acting with respect to the liquidation shall enjoy absolute judicial immunity and be immune from any claim against them personally for any act or omission committed in the performance of their functions and duties in connection with the liquidation.

  6.  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 375.1158, subdivision (16) of subsection 1 of this section shall apply to and govern delinquency proceedings commenced before and after August 28, 1991.


(L. 1991 H.B. 385, et al. § 69, A.L. 1992 H.B. 1574)

*Word "with" appears in original rolls.

---- end of effective  28 Aug 1992 ----

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