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Title XVI CONSERVATION, RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

Chapter 256

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  256.670.  Definitions — geographical information system, public access — community creation of system — fee — licensing of system, factors — construction of law — liability shield. — 1.  As used in this section, the following terms mean:

  (1)  "Community", any municipality as defined in this section;

  (2)  "Geographical information system", a computerized, spatial coordinate mapping and relational data base technology which:

  (a)  Captures, assembles, stores, converts, manages, analyzes, amalgamates and records, in the digital mode, all kinds and types of information and data;

  (b)  Transforms such information and data into intelligence and subsequently;

  (c)  Retrieves, presents and distributes that intelligence to a user for use in making the intelligent decisions necessary for sound management;

  (3)  "Municipality", any city with a population of three hundred fifty thousand or more inhabitants which is located in more than one county.

  2.  In the interest of maintaining community governments open and accessible to the public, information gathered by communities for use in a geographical information system, unless properly made a closed record, should be available to the public.  However, access to the information in a way by which a person could render the investment of the public in a geographical information system a special benefit to that person, and not to the public, should not be permitted.

  3.  Any community as defined in this section may create a geographical information system for the community.  The scope of the geographical information system shall be determined by the governing body of the community.  The method of creation, maintenance, use and distribution of the geographical information system shall be determined by the governing body of the community.

  4.  The information collected or assimilated by a community for use in a geographical information system shall not be withheld from the public, unless otherwise properly made a closed record of the community as provided by section 610.021.  The information collected or assimilated by a community for use in a geographical information system need not be disclosed in a form which may be read or manipulated by computer, absent a license agreement between the community and the person requesting the information.

  5.  Information collected or assimilated by a community for use in a geographical information system and disclosed in any form, other than in a form which may be read or manipulated by computer, shall be provided for a reasonable fee, as established by section 610.026.  A community maintaining a geographical information system shall make maps and other products of the system available to the public.  The cost of the map or other product shall not exceed a reasonable fee representing the cost to the community of time, equipment and personnel in the production of the map or other product.  A community may license the use of a geographical information system.  The cost of licensing a geographical information system may reflect the:

  (1)  Cost to the community of time, equipment and personnel in the production of the information in a geographical information system or the production of the geographical information system;

  (2)  Cost to the community of the creation, purchase, or other acquisition of the information in a geographical information system or of the geographical information system; and

  (3)  Value of the commercial purpose, if any, for which the information in a geographical information system or a geographical information system is to be used.

  6.  The provisions of this section shall not hinder the daily or routine collection of data, as defined in section 569.093, from the geographical information system by real estate brokers and agents, title collectors, developers, surveyors, utility companies, banks, or mortgage companies, nor shall the provisions allow for the charging of fees for the collection of such data exceeding that allowed pursuant to section 610.026.  The provisions of this section, however, shall allow a community maintaining a geographical information system to license and establish costs for the use of the system's computer program and computer software, as defined in section 569.093.

  7.  A community distributing information used in a geographical information system or distributing a geographical information system shall not be liable for any damages which may arise from any error which may exist in the information or the geographical information system.

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(L. 1995 H.B. 452, et al. § 3)


---- end of effective   28 Aug 1995 ----

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